Dentures – Benefits | Types | Steps | Care | Alternatives

Dentures – Benefits | Types | Steps | Care | Alternatives

Dentures are removable replacement for missing teeth and surrounding tissues, helping you to restore your smile. Dentures are made to closely resemble your natural teeth so there should be only a small noticeable change in appearance. However, with the modern advancement, your dentures look more natural than ever. If you’ve lost your natural teeth, whether from gum disease, tooth decay or injury, replacing missing teeth will benefit your appearance and your health. So, dentures not only improve your smile and fill out your facial appearance but also has other restorative benefits.

Benefits of going for dentures:

  • Helps in improving your facial appearance which would otherwise sag because of missing teeth
  • Since it resembles your natural teeth, your appearance does not look artificial
  • Dentures also make it possible to eat food that require chewing, making it possible to keep your diet the same and ensure that you are properly nourished

Types of Dentures:

  1. Complete dentures
  2. Partial dentures

Complete dentures

Full dentures, otherwise known as complete dentures, are dentures that replace all of your natural teeth. You can have them fitted for your top or bottom gum line, and are held in place by suction and/or the help of an oral adhesive. This can be either conventional or immediate. In order to get this done, whatever teeth are present needs to be extracted and wait for tissues to heal. A conventional denture is ready for replacement after 8 to 12 weeks of teeth extraction. Immediate dentures are made in advance and can be positioned as soon as the teeth are extracted. There is no need to wait for a long period of time. Your dentist will take measurements and make models of your jaw during a preliminary visit. This helps the patient to not be without teeth during the healing period following tooth extraction. However, during the healing period, bones and gums shrink over time. Therefore, a disadvantage of immediate dentures compared with conventional dentures is that they require more adjustments to fit properly during the healing process and generally should only be considered a temporary solution until conventional dentures can be made.

Partial dentures

Partial dentures are often used instead of other tooth replacement methods when the surrounding natural teeth are not strong enough to support structures such as dental bridges, or when more than one or two teeth are missing. A removable partial denture or bridge usually consists of replacement teeth attached to a pink or gum-colored plastic base, which is sometimes connected by metal framework that holds the denture in place in the mouth. A fixed bridge replaces one or more teeth by placing crowns on the teeth on either side of the space and attaching artificial teeth to them. This “bridge” is then cemented into place. Partial dentures also help in preventing other teeth from changing position. A precision partial denture is removable and has internal attachments rather than clasps that attach to the adjacent crowns. This is a more natural appliance.

How are dentures made?

It is a time-consuming process taking several appointments spanning a number of weeks. In the past, the artificial teeth that makeup dentures, were made out of porcelain or plastic, but more modern dentures are generally made out of a hard resin. The materials used to make denture teeth are known to be more fragile than natural teeth and can easily chip or crack if dropped or otherwise uncared for.

Once your dentist recommends dentures and you move ahead with the process, the following steps are present:

  • You dentist will make a series of impressions of your jaw and take measurements of how your jaws relate to one another and how much space is between them.
  • Post this, they will create models, wax forms, and/or plastic patterns in the exact shape and position of the denture to be made. You will “try in” this model several times and the denture will be assessed for color, shape, and fit before the final dent