Sometimes, periodontal surgery may demand to treat certain gum diseases, such as gingivitis or periodontitis. This type of surgery is called gum surgery.
The procedure aims to address the gum disease and any damage it may have caused by:
- Regrowth of hurt bones and tissues
- Checking tooth loss
- Lessening gum gaps between teeth (black triangles)
- Transforming the jaw edge to lower the risk for bacterial growth in bone crevices
- Removing bacteria and infection
Gum diseases such as gingivitis (a mild form of gum disease that can result in gum redness, swelling, and also bleeding) and periodontitis may need surgical treatment. Usually, gingivitis occurs due to poor oral hygiene, plaque, and tartar buildup. Periodontitis is a severe form of gum disease in which gingivitis has worsened, destroying bone and tissues. During this inflammatory process, the gums start separating from the teeth. This creates spaces to attract bacteria that may lead to infections. As a result, no tooth loss and bone damage occur.
Types Of Gum Surgery
Performing surgery depends on the type and severity of gum disease. Before surgery, a dental surgeon might go for deep cleaning of gums. Deep scaling procedure can remove tartar and bacteria from teeth and gums. And root planing procedure can refine the surfaces of the teeth root, meaning that there are a few places for tartar and bacteria to build up. This procedure also cleans tartar that is present on the root. Deep scaling and root planing generally occur at the same time. And the surgeries include:
- Flap surgery – It is done to the patients who have tartar deposits in the deep pockets. The procedure consists of lifting the gums off of the teeth to clean tartar buildup. After the surgeon has cleaned the tartar, they will stitch the gums into place to accommodate the teeth. Sometimes, the bone may need reshaping during this procedure.
- Bone grafting – When the bone that surrounds the root of the tooth is destroyed, a person may need a bone graft. This procedure includes replacing the damaged bone with new bone. The process of bone grafting aims to hold the tooth in place and help it to regrow.
- Guided tissue regeneration – During this procedure, the dental surgeon will place a tiny piece of mesh-like material between a person’s bone