Scaling and root planing – Need | Procedure | Care | Costs

Scaling and root planing – Need | Procedure | Care | Costs

It is not enough to only brush or floss daily; it is vital to have regular check-ups and a professional cleaning to maintain good dental health. However, when you show symptoms of gum disease, you need another type of cleaning called scaling and root planing. Scaling and root planing (deep cleaning) is a procedure that involves scaling or removing the debris of dental plaque.  It is also referred to as conventional periodontal therapy, deep cleaning, or non-surgical periodontal therapy. 

Gum disease is one of the significant fears to the overall health, notably dental. Majority of adults over 30 years and older have some form of gum disease or tooth decay. Deep cleaning is a procedure suggested for treatments or to halt the progression of gum diseases. 

What is scaling and root planing (deep cleaning)?

Deep cleaning is a specific procedure executed by your hygienist.  Deep Cleaning or Scaling is a non-surgical procedure of removing or scraping the tartar or plaque which is below and above the gum line.  The dental hygienist checks and treats if need be any periodontal disease.  Deep Cleaning usually mistook as Prophylaxis or regular teeth cleaning is more detailed and methodical. It helps in getting rid of the bacteria and tartar that leads to gum disease. 

In general, deep cleaning takes place in two sessions:

  1. First, the dentist is required to take away all the plaque and tartar and ensure all is scraped or removed. It is the tartar, which is a plaque that has gone hard and formed either or both above and below the gum line. 
  2. The next is root planning. When the gums have lost its pockets that has been recently cleaned and created, and it begins to adhere to the teeth again.  Here you may have to visit your dentist several sessions, and the sittings could be very uncomfortable. To avoid discomfort, the dentist may use an anesthetic to make it as easy as possible.  

The fact is that your dentist will not recommend deep Cleaning if it is not necessary and if you are not at risk of gum or bone disease or in danger of losing any teeth.  A periodontal examination will be used to check how deep the pockets are if your periodontal pockets are over the acceptable 3mm.

When do you need Scaling and root planing (deep cleaning)?

Deep cleaning, usually is recommended for individuals suffering from gingivitis.  Gingivitis is a form of gum disease but on the milder side.  When one has to take care of periodontal disease, a more severe gum infection or inflammation of the upper or lower gums, then the dentist or hygienist recommends a deep cleaning.   Also, when the depth of the space between the gums and teeth exceeds the 3 mm normal level, then the dentist will recommend periodontal treatment. The treatment starts with assessing the plaque buildup on the gum lines and also the root area.  Every adult is recommended to take a periodontal assessment at least once a year to decide and see if periodontal treatment or Deep cleaning is necessary.  Measuring pocket depth is a crucial part of a comprehensive dental evaluation. The National Institute of Health (NIH) recommends that if the pockets are more than 5 millimeters, then deep cleaning and scaling and root planing with the dental hygienist is to be considered.

When periodontal pockets formed, and bacteria and pollutants build up in them know as toxins, causing swelling and infection if it lingers to go untreated, the situation can become more severe and may result to tooth loss, 

Basically, there are two major forms of periodontal disease, they are p